Section 56 in The Special Economic Zones Act, 2005
Title: Power to remove difficulties
(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as may appear to it to be necessary or expedient for removing the difficulty:
Provided that no such order shall be made under this section after the expiration of two years from the date of commencement of this Act.
(2) Every order made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament.
Title: Amendment of certain enactments
With effect from such date as the Central Government may, by notification, appoint, the enactments specified in the Third Schedule shall be amended in the manner specified therein:
Provided that different dates may be appointed on which the amendments specified in the Third Schedule shall apply to a particular Special Economic Zone or a class of Special Economic Zones or all Special Economic Zones.
All rules made or purporting to have been made or all notifications issued or purporting to have been issued under any Central Act relating to the Special Economic Zones shall, in so far as they relate to matters for which provision is made in this Act or rules made or notification issued thereunder and are not inconsistent therewith, be deemed to have been made or issued under this Act as if this Act had been in force on the date on which such rules were made or notifications were issued and shall continue to be in force unless and until they are superseded by any rules made or notifications issued under this Act.
Title: Short title, extent and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
(2) It extends to the whole of India.
(3) It shall come into force on such date1 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette appoint; and different dates* may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and for different States, and any reference to commencement in any provision of this Act in relation to any State shall be construed as a reference to the commencement of that provision in that State.
1. 28th July, 2006 (ss. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 75, 77, 79), vide notification No. S.O. 1216(E), dated 28th July, 2006;
*1st August, 2007 [ss. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 38, 39, 40, 41, 48, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, sub-sec. (2) of s. 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 78, 79], vide notification No. S.O. 722(E), dated 7th May, 2007;
*17th March, 2008 (ss. 44, 45), vide notification No. 517(E), dated 17th March, 2008;
*18th October, 2011 (s. 46), vide notification No. S.O. 2397(E), dated 18th October, 2011, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3(ii).
*5th February, 2021, sub-sec. (1) of s. 47, vide notification No. S.O. 564(E), dated 5th February, 2021, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3(ii).
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—
(a) “affected area” means an area or part of the country affected by a disaster;
(b) “capacity-building” includes—
(i) identification of existing resources and resources to be acquired or created;
(ii) acquiring or creating resources identified under sub-clause (i);
(iii) organisation and training of personnel and coordination of such training for effective management of disasters;
(c) “Central Government” means the Ministry or Department of the Government of India having administrative control of disaster management;
(d) “disaster” means a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising from natural or man made causes, or by accident or negligence which results in substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage to, and destruction of, property, or damage to, or degradation of, environment, and is of such a nature or magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of the community of the affected area;
(e) “disaster management” means a continuous and integrated process of planning, organising, coordinating and implementing measures which are necessary or expedient for—
(i) prevention of danger or threat of any disaster;
(ii) mitigation or reduction of risk of any disaster or its severity or consequences;
(iv) preparedness to deal with any disaster;
(v) prompt response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster;
(vi) assessing the severity or magnitude of effects of any disaster;
(vii) evacuation, rescue and relief;
(viii) rehabilitation and reconstruction;
(f) “District Authority” means the District Disaster Management Authority constituted under subsection (1) of section 25;
(g) “District Plan” means the plan for disaster management for the district prepared under section 31;
(h) “local authority” includes panchayati raj institutions, municipalities, a district board, cantonment board, town planning authority or Zila Parishad or any other body or authority, by whatever name called, for the time being invested by law, for rendering essential services or, with the control and management of civic services, within a specified local area;
(i) “mitigation” means measures aimed at reducing the risk, impact or effects of a disaster or threatening disaster situation;
(j) “National Authority” means the National Disaster Management Authority established under sub-section (1) of section 3;
(k) “National Executive Committee” means the Executive Committee of the National Authority constituted under sub-section (1) of section 8;
(l) “National Plan” means the plan for disaster management for the whole of the country prepared under section 11;
(m) “preparedness” means the state of readiness to deal with a threatening disaster situation or disaster and the effects thereof;
(n) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(o) “reconstruction” means construction or restoration of any property after a disaster;
(p) “resources” includes manpower, services, materials and provisions;
(q) “State Authority” means the State Disaster Management Authority established under subsection (1) of section 14 and includes the Disaster Management Authority for the Union territory constituted under that section;
(r) “State Executive Committee” means the Executive Committee of a State Authority constituted under sub-section (1) of section 20;
(s) “State Government” means the Department of Government of the State having administrative control of disaster management and includes Administrator of the Union territory appointed by the President under article 239 of the Constitution;
(t)“State Plan” means the plan for disaster management for the whole of the State prepared under section 23.