Section 31 in The Right to Information Act, 2005

Title: Repeal

Description: The Freedom of Information Act, 2002 (5 of 2003) is hereby repealed.

Title: Short title, extent and commencement

Description: (1) This Act may be called the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005. (2) It extends to the whole of India. (3) It shall come into force on such date1 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision. 1. 10th February, 2006 (ss. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57 and 58), vide notification No. S.O. 196(E), dated 10th February, 2006, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3(ii). 1st October, 2008 (ss. 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 and 41), vide notification No.S.O.2320(E), dated 1st October, 2008, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec 3(ii). 13th January, 2010 (ss. 20, 21 and 22), vide notification No. S.O. 75(E), dated 13th January, 2010, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3(ii).

Title: Definitions

Description: In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-- (a) "appointed day" with reference to a Special Economic Zone means the date on which the Special Economic Zone is notified by the Central Government under sub-section (1) of section 4; (b) "Approval Committee" means an Approval Committee constituted under sub-section (1) of section 13; (c) "authorised operations" means operations which may be authorised under sub-section (2) of section 4 and sub-section (9) of section 15; (d) "Authority" means a Special Economic Zone Authority constituted under sub-section (1) of section 31; (e) "Board" means the Board of Approval constituted under sub-section (1) of section 8; (f) "Co-Developer" means a person who, or a State Government which, has been granted by the Central Government a letter of approval under sub-section (12) of section 3; (g) "Developer" means a person who, or a State Government which, has been granted by the Central Government a letter of approval under sub-section (10) of section 3 and includes an Authority and a Co-Developer; (h) "Development Commissioner" means the Development Commissioner appointed for one or more Special Economic Zones under sub-section (1) of section 11; (i) "Domestic Tariff Area" means the whole of India (including the territorial waters and continental shelf) but does not include the areas of the Special Economic Zones; (j) “entrepreneur” means a person who has been granted a letter of approval by the Development Commissioner under sub-section (9) of section 15; (k) "existing Special Economic Zone" means every Special Economic Zone which is in existence on or before the commencement of this Act; (l) "existing Unit" means every Unit which has been set up on or before the commencement of this Act in an existing Special Economic Zone; (m) "export" means— (i) taking goods, or providing services, out of India, from a Special Economic Zone, by land, sea or air or by any other mode, whether physical or otherwise; or (ii) supplying goods, or providing services, from the Domestic Tariff Area to a Unit or Developer; or (iii) supplying goods, or providing services, from one Unit to another Unit or Developer, in the same or different Special Economic Zone; (n) "Free Trade and Warehousing Zone" means a Special Economic Zone wherein mainly trading and warehousing and other activities related thereto are carried on; (o) "import" means— (i) bringing goods or receiving services, in a Special Economic Zone, by a Unit or Developer from a place outside India by land, sea or air or by any other mode, whether physical or otherwise; or (ii) receiving goods, or services by a Unit or Developer from another Unit or Developer of the same Special Economic Zone or a different Special Economic Zone; (p) "infrastructure facilities" means industrial, commercial or social infrastructure or other facilities necessary for the development of a Special Economic Zone or such other facilities which may be prescribed; (q) "International Financial Services Centre" means an International Financial Services Centre which has been approved by the Central Government under sub-section (1) of section 18; (r) "manufacture" means to make, produce, fabricate, assemble, process or bring into existence, by hand or by machine, a new product having a distinctive name, character or use and shall include processes such as refrigeration, cutting, polishing, blending, repair, remaking, re-engineering and includes agriculture, aquaculture, animal husbandry, floriculture, horticulture, pisciculture, poultry, sericulture, viticulture and mining; (s) "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette and the expression “notify” shall be construed accordingly; (t) "notified offences" means the offences specified as such under sub-section (1) of section 21; (u) "Offshore Banking Unit" means a branch of a bank located in a Special Economic Zone and which has obtained the permission under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 23 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949); (v) "person" includes an individual, whether resident in India or outside India, a Hindu undivided family, co-operative society, a company, whether incorporated in India or outside India, a firm, proprietary concern, or an association of persons or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, local authority 1[trust or any entity as may be notified by the Central Government] and any agency, office or branch owned or controlled by such individual, Hindu undivided family, co-operative, association, body, 2[authority, company, trust or entity]; (w) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made by the Central Government under this Act; (x) "Reserve Bank" means the Reserve Bank of India constituted under section 3 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934); (y) "Schedule" means Schedules to this Act; (z) "services" means such tradable services which,-- (i) are covered under the General Agreement on Trade in Services annexed as IB to the Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation concluded at Marrakesh on the 15th day of April, 1994; (ii) may be prescribed by the Central Government for the purposes of this Act; and (iii) earn foreign exchange; (za) "Special Economic Zone" means each Special Economic Zone notified under the proviso to sub-section (4) of section 3 and sub-section (1) of section 4 (including Free Trade and Warehousing Zone) and includes an existing Special Economic Zone; (zb) "State Government" means a State Government of the State in which a Special Economic Zone is established or proposed to be established; (zc) "Unit" means a Unit set up by an entrepreneur in a Special Economic Zone and includes an existing Unit, an Offshore Banking Unit and a Unit in an International Financial Services Centre, whether established before or established after the commencement of this Act; (zd) all other words and expressions used and not defined in this Act but defined in the Central Excise Act, 1944 (1 of 1944), the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951 (65 of 1951), the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), the Customs Act, 1962 (52 of 1962) and the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992 (22 of 1992) shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in those Acts. 1. Ins. by Act 8 of 2019, s. 2 (w.e.f. 2-3-2019). 2. Subs. by s. 2, ibid., "authority or company" (w.e.f. 2-3-2019).

Title: Procedure for making proposal to establish Special Economic Zone

Description: (1) A Special Economic Zone may be established under this Act, either jointly or severally by the Central Government, State Government, or any person for manufacture of goods or rendering services or for both or as a Free Trade and Warehousing Zone. (2) Any person, who intends to set up a Special Economic Zone, may, after identifying the area, make a proposal to the State Government concerned for the purpose of setting up the Special Economic Zone. (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2), any person, who intends to set up a Special Economic Zone, may, after identifying the area, at his option, make a proposal directly to the Board for the purpose of setting up the Special Economic Zone: Provided that where such a proposal has been received directly from a person under this sub-section, the Board may grant approval and after receipt of such approval, the person concerned shall obtain the concurrence of the State Government within the period, as may be prescribed. (4) In case a State Government intends to set up a Special Economic Zone, it may after identifying the area, forward the proposal directly to the Board for the purpose of setting up the Special Economic Zone: Provided that the Central Government may,-- (a) after consulting the State Government concerned; (b) without referring the proposal for setting up the Special Economic Zone to the Board; and (c) after identifying the area, suo motu set up and notify the Special Economic Zone. (5) Every proposal under sub-sections (2) to (4) shall be made in such form, and, manner, containing such particulars as may be prescribed. (6) The State Government may, on receipt of the proposal made under sub-section (2), forward the same together with its recommendations to the Board within such period as may be prescribed. (7) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (8), the Board may, after receipt of the proposal under sub-sections (2) to (4), approve the proposal subject to such terms and conditions as it may deem fit to impose, or modify or reject the proposal. (8) The Central Government may prescribe the following requirements for establishment of a Special Economic Zone, namely:-- (a) the minimum area of land and other terms and conditions subject to which the Board shall approve, modify or reject any proposal received by it under sub-sections (2) to (4); and (b) the terms and conditions, subject to which the Developer shall undertake the authorised operations and his obligations and entitlements: Provided that different minimum area of land and other terms and conditions referred to in clause (a) may be prescribed by the Central Government for a class or classes of Special Economic Zones. (9) If the Board,-- (a) approves without any modification the proposal received under sub-sections (2) to (4), it shall communicate the same to the Central Government; (b) approves with modifications the proposal received under sub-sections (2) to (4), it shall, communicate such modifications to the person or the State Government concerned and if such modifications have been accepted by such person or State Government, the Board shall communicate the approval to the Central Government; (c) rejects the proposal received under sub-sections (2) to (4), it shall record the reasons therefor and communicate the rejection to the Central Government which shall intimate to the State Government or the person concerned. (10) The Central Government shall, on receipt of communication under clause (a) or clause (b) of sub-section (9), grant, within such time as may be prescribed, a letter of approval on such terms and conditions and obligations and entitlements as may be approved by the Board, to the Developer, being the person or the State Government concerned: Provided that the Central Government may, on the basis of approval of the Board, approve more than one Developer in a Special Economic Zone in cases where one Developer does not have in his possession the minimum area of contiguous land, as may be prescribed, for setting up a Special Economic Zone and in such cases, each Developer shall be considered as a Developer in respect of the land in his possession. (11) Any person who, or a State Government which, intends to provide any infrastructure facilities in the identified area referred to in sub-sections (2) to (4), or undertake any authorised operation may, after entering into an agreement with the Developer referred to in sub-section (10), make a proposal for the same to the Board for its approval and the provisions of sub-section (5) and sub-sections (7) to (10) shall, as far as may be, apply to the said proposal made by such person or the State Government. (12) Every person or the State Government referred to in sub-section (11), whose proposal has been approved by the Board and who, or which, has been granted letter of approval by the Central Government, shall be considered as a Co-Developer of the Special Economic Zone. 13) Subject to the provisions of this section and the letter of approval granted to a Developer, the Developer may allocate space or built up area or provide infrastructure services to the approved Units in accordance with the agreement entered into by him with the entrepreneurs of such Units.

Title: Establishment of Special Economic Zone and approval and authorisation to operate it to, Developer

Description: (1) The Developer shall, after the grant of letter of approval under sub-section (10) of section 3, submit the exact particulars of the identified area referred to in sub-sections (2) to (4) of that section, to the Central Government and thereupon that Government may, after satisfying that the requirements, under sub-section (8) of section 3 and other requirements, as may be prescribed, are fulfilled, notify the specifically identified area in the State as a Special Economic Zone: Provided that an existing Special Economic Zone shall be deemed to have been notified and established in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the provisions of this Act shall, as far as may be, apply to such Zone accordingly: Provided further that the Central Government may, after notifying the Special Economic Zone, if it considers appropriate, notify subsequently any additional area to be included as a part of that Special Economic Zone. (2) After the appointed day, the Board may, authorise the Developer to undertake in a Special Economic Zone, such operations which the Central Government may authorise.